A História Repete-se
German occupation of Czechoslovakia
Following the Anschluss of Nazi Germany and Austria in March 1938, Nazi leader Adolf Hitler’s next target for annexation was Czechoslovakia. His pretext was the alleged privations suffered by ethnic German populations living in Czechoslovakia’s northern and western border regions, known collectively as the Sudetenland. Their incorporation into Nazi Germany would leave the rest of Czechoslovakia powerless to resist subsequent occupation.
Demands for Sudeten autonomy
Sudeten German leader Konrad Henlein offered the Sudeten German Party (SdP) as the agent for Hitler’s campaign. Henlein met with Hitler in Berlin on March 28, 1938, where he was instructed to raise demands unacceptable to the Czechoslovak government led by president Edvard Beneš. On April 24, the SdP issued the Carlsbad Decrees, demanding autonomy for the Sudetenland and the freedom to profess Nazi ideology. If Henlein’s demands were granted, the Sudetenland would then be able to align itself with Nazi Germany.
The Munich Agreement
As the previous appeasement of Hitler had shown, the governments of both France and the United Kingdom were set on avoiding war. The French government especially did not wish to face Germany alone, so took its lead from the British government and its Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain. Chamberlain believed that Sudeten German grievances were just and that Hitler’s intentions were limited. Both Britain and France, therefore, advised Czechoslovakia to concede to the SdP’s demands. Beneš resisted, however, and on May 20 a partial mobilization was initiated in response to rumours of German troop movements. Ten days later, Hitler signed a secret directive for war against Czechoslovakia to begin no later than October 1.
Miliband declared a turning point had been reached in Europe's relations with Russia, ending nearly two decades of relative tranquillity. He said Tuesday's decision by Medvedev to recognise Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent represented a radical break and a moment of truth for the rest of Europe.
“[Medvedev’s] unilateral attempt to redraw the map marks a moment of real significance,” Miliband said. "It is not just the end of the post-cold war period of growing geopolitical calm in and around Europe. It is also the moment when countries are required to set out where they stand on the significant issues of nationhood and international law.
“The Georgia crisis has provided a rude awakening.”
He responded to Medvedev’s boast that he was not scared of a new cold war, saying: “We don’t want a new cold war. He has a big responsibility not to start one.”
[b]Ukrainian officials say Russia has been distributing passports to ethnic Russians living in Crimea, as it did in South Ossetia.
Kiev is concerned that Russia could orchestrate a conflict over its Black Sea fleet, which is based in the Crimean port of Sevastopol under a lease from Ukraine. There are fears that a row over the use of the base may be employed to stir up separatist sentiment as a precursor to calling for a referendum on seceding from Ukraine[/b].
Viktor Yushchenko, the Ukrainian president, has riled Moscow by suggesting that Russia should pay a higher rent for Sevastopol and could be subject to more stringent conditions on its use. Miliband has urged the Ukrainian government to “stick to the letter” of the lease.
Nada de repetir o erro da política de apaziguamento , o que é necessário é mostrar à Russia que o pau está preparado se eles passarem da linha.